Safe Physical Activities for the Seniors
People loses their physiological prowess as they age, this is associated to changes in body physiological functionalities such as cardiac output, muscle mass, and metabolism that become ineffective over time, the rate at which these changes occurs varies from person to person and within an individual, generally the rate of change is dependent on individual genes as well as the environment, view here to learn more. The rate at which these physiological changes happen can be derailed through modified physical exercises, however, the exercises need to be safe and tailored according to individual age and all risks involved should be laid down, it is important to seek recommendation from exercise professionals such as exercise physiologists for the right workouts, especially when dealing with the senior population. The process of aging is categorized into three typical phases namely, entering old age, this phase includes people who have retired from their careers or child-rearing sometimes they can be as young as 50 years, the second phase is the transitional phase, it is an intermediary of entering old age and frail age, this phase is characterized by people who are in their 70s, the last phase is frail old individuals, this group is highly susceptible due health problems associated with the aging and they may require assistance even with the most basic tasks more about this here. Given that most senior people require assistance with basic tasks such as dressing and bathing, some of these functions can be reverted through tailored physical activities, to help you out, this article has detailed some ideas you can use to design such exercises see this page for more info.
Individuals in the frail group have difficulties in completing (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, this is because most people in this group have chronic conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and loss of muscle mass which prevent proper functioning of the body. It is therefore important to customize physical activities that are aimed at improving the performance of ADL and IADL tasks which contribute to better living for this population.
The major health condition that most senior people experience is a heart condition which contributes to sudden death in these people, therefore, designing exercises that improve the health of the heart should be your priority, low impact aerobic exercises are ideal for this group, however, close monitoring is required during exercises, to make sure the intensity of the aerobic exercise remain low or moderate level as recommended monitor heart rate, blood pressure as well as their perceived exertion regularly, ensure you collect important data during such exercise to help you design a safe and progressive exercise program that is tailored to individual needs and capabilities. You can use this guideline to design a safe exercise regimen for elderly people but also important exercises to consider are flexibility and coordination.
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